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FLORA INDICA.                                  125
as of no more than sectional value. Xylopia is very closely allied to Melodorum, but
is readily known by the erect habit, the peculiar torus, and the truncate stamens.
Its petals only differ by being more elongated. Awna, which is also like it in
flower, is distinguishable by a multitude of characters.. Many of the species, on a
casual inspection, so much resemble the genus Diospyros, that the two genera are
often intermixed in herbaria.
Zylopia, is widely distributed throughout tropical regions, for, though probably
most abundant in America, a number of species are known from West Africa, and
A. Richard mentions one as a native of Mauritius. Blume describes none from any
part of the Malayan Archipelago, nor have we seen any among the collections of
Cuming. At present therefore it would appear that in India they are confined to
Ceylon and the Malayan Peninsula.
J. X. Malayana (H.f. et T.); foliis oblongis basi acutis obtuse
acuminatis glaberrimis, inflorescentia axillari snbtriflora, pedicellis me-
dio unibracteatis, ovariis 5r-7.
HAB. Malacca, Griff.!(v. s.)
Arbor. Ramuli graciles, glabri, cortice fusco raguloso, juniores vix puberuli.
Folia 3-5 poll, longa, 1^-2 lata, petiolo i-poll, coriacea, firma, laxe reticulato-ve-
nosa, areolis magm's, supra lucida, snbtus (in sicco) brunnea. Pedunculi viz lineam
longi, subtriflori, pubescentes; pedicelli vix longiores. Alaoaslri strigosi, pubescentes,
viz semipollicares, argute triquetri. Sepala majuscnla, acuta. Petala ext. summo
apice tantum triquetra. Ovaria dense et longe albo-pilosa. (hula 2.
2.  X. parvifolia (H.f. et T.); foliis oblongo-lanceolatis acumina-
tis basi acutts utrinque glabris, inflorescentia axillari 3-5-flora, pedicel-
lis bracteolis pluribus rotuudatis imbricatis tectis, ovariis 5.Patonia
parvifolia, Wight, III. 19 !
HAB. In Zeylania, JFalker!(v. s.)
Arbor vel frutex floribundus. ftamutt falvo-pubescentes, demum glabrati, fusci,
albc-punctati. Folia 2-3 poll, longa, f-l^ lata, petiolo i-poll., crasse coriacea,
vcnulis creberrimis reticulatis notata, supra tiitida, subtus paUida. Fasciculi florum
subscssiles; pedicelli brevissimi; bracteola suprema calyci adpressa, rotunda vel re-
niformis. Alabastri -J- poll, longi, fusco-sericei, Sepala ad medium toalita, acuta.
Petala vtrinque pubescentia. Ovula 4-6.
Patonia Walkeri, Wight! 131. t 19, is a species of Dios$yros*
3.  X. nigricans (H.f. et T.); foliis eUipticis vel lanceolatis obtuse
acuminatis,glaberrimis, floribus axillaribus solitariis vel ternis, bracteo-
lis 1-2 minutis, ovariis 5.
HAB. Ceylon, Thwaites! No. 615, 1038.(v. *.)
Frutex. Eamuli graciles, foHoai, cortice rnguloso, albido, glabro; paries novellee
pnhcrulsE. Folia basi acuta, in sicco "atro-viridk, teauiter coriacea, forsan undulata,
subtus pallidiora, 8 poll, longa, 1^ lata, petiolo ^-poIL Pedicelli vix -J-pollicares,
graciles, bracteolis deciduis. Alabastri ^-pollicares. Flores fere X. parmfolia>
sed petals erteriora fere ad apicem eicavata, mucrone triquetro abbreviato. Chula
circa 4.
We learn from a memorandum by Mr. Thwaites, that the carpels of this species
dehisce when ripe, along-the suture, and expose the seeds nestling in red pulp. '
4.  X. caudate (H.f. et T/); foliis oblongo-lanceolatis longe et
obtuse acuminatis mucronulatis snbtus sericeo-incanis, floribus minu-
tis solitariis vel fasciculatis, ovariis 2.Gruatteria? caudata, Wall. Cat.
6452!